The Need of Judah for Ephraim
Highlights from the Brit-Am Commentary on Ezekiel
By Yair Davidiy
“Therefore say, thus saith the Lord God, I will even gather you from the
people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered,
and I will give you the land of Israel” (Ezekiel 11:17).
Ezekiel (11:18) hints that first the exiles will return to the Land of
Israel and after that they shall put away their idols and keep the Law
(11:20). Ezekiel says that Judah has an obligation to help the Lost Ten
Tribes return. The complete return of Judah is dependent upon the return of
Samaria (16:53, 55, 61) meaning the Ten Tribes especially Manasseh. Manasseh
today is mainly the USA. God will renew His covenant with Judah and with
Eisemann (Editor's Note: The first of
several Jewish sources to whom Yair Davidiy refers in this article.)
understands this … to be referring to all of Israel, including the Lost Ten
Malbim: In the future God will ingather the Ten Tribes who were in faraway
lands and did not return in the time of the Second Temple.
Ramban (Nachmanides) holds the same view we have been quoting that the
prophecies are understandable on two levels:
1. The message potentially could have been fulfilled partly in the very time
of Ezekiel if the people would have repented; and
2. The complete fulfillment of the Prophecy of reconciliation will only
happen in the time of the Messiah.
“And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable
things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence” (Ezekiel
The exiles (from the Ten Tribes) will remove their idols and cease their
paganism in their places of exile. OR ELSE: They shall first come back to
the land and then they shall cast aside their idols?
“When I shall bring again their captivity, the captivity of Sodom and her
daughters, and the captivity of Samaria and her daughters. Then will I bring
again the captivity of thy captives in the midst of them” (Ezekiel
Moshkovitz (Daat Mikra) suggests that this refers to the revival of the Land
field in Israel blossoming with flowers of the sun!
Sodom was overturned and all the area around destroyed. So too, after the
Roman conquest and the Arab and Turkish occupation, most of the Land was
turned into a wasteland without trees or greenery. The British and the Jews
restored it in part. The State of Israel is continuing to do so but not as
much nor as well as it should be. We have also been responsible for
ecological abuses that should be corrected. There is much that could and
should be done.
Malbim says here that at the return Samaria and Sodom (?) will be the most
important section of the Israelite nation whereas Judah will be pulled after
them and returned through them. He repeats this message in [Ezekiel]16:55.
The Lost Ten Tribes will return. Manasseh will return. The exiles of Judah
who remained in exile will return together with the Lost Ten Tribes.
Abarbanel (1435-1509): The Ten Tribes will return to Samaria and its
daughter-regions and so will the scattered dispersion of Judah be gathered
in from the four corners of the earth.
“When thy sisters, Sodom and her daughters, shall return to their former
estate, and Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former estate,
then thou and thy daughters shall return to your former estate” (Ezekiel
16:55). Until now they are still overturned and have not returned unto their
This is a message for Judah:
In order for Judah to realize herself and to bring back all her exiles and
rehabilitate herself, Judah must also seek the Lost Ten Tribes and cause
them to return! This is important to Judah for her own sake! It is also
hinting that rehabilitation of the Land itself is somehow connected with the
return of the Lost Ten Tribes. See our Commentary on Isaiah 56:8 and Hosea
chapter six, where we have explained that according to prophecy, part of
Judah would return to the Land and begin to build it up. Then the Lost Ten
Tribes would return in two stages together with the remnant of Judah. The
first part of this process is well on its way. . .
Abarbanel: There is no doubt that this promised ingathering will occur in
the Times of the Messiah. Until now it has never been fulfilled.
“Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and be ashamed, when thou shalt
receive thy sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and I will give them unto
thee for daughters, but not by thy covenant” (Ezekiel 16:61).
Judah must seek to bring the Lost Ten Tribes back. God makes the
participation of Judah in the process of returning the Lost Ten Tribes a
prior condition for the rehabilitation of Judah herself!
“I will give them unto thee for daughters;” Judah will have some
degree of directional task to play in helping the Ten Tribes return and
showing them the way in which they should go. – Judah however is also
obligated to get his own act together or else (God forbid) be punished. –
“But not by thy covenant”: The Lost Ten Tribes will not necessarily have
to convert to Judaism in our sense of the word though they will renew the
covenant between Israel and the Almighty and Judah is obligated to assist
“And I will establish my covenant with thee; and thou shalt know that I
am the Lord” (Ezekiel 16:62). God will once again accept Judah and all
Brit-Am [Covenant of the People]
Originally there were twelve tribes of Israel. Ten
of these Tribes disappeared. The Jews of today are mainly descended from the
Tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi. The other Ten Tribes according to the
Bible in the last days were to be found mainly amongst peoples of West
European descent …. This is what the Bible says in accordance with the
original Hebrew text and Rabbinical explanations….
They were to be a civilizing influence in the
world, and extremely numerous. They were also to be largely unaware of their
Israelite identity…. We have the information that can confirm this identity,
and more is available as revealed by ongoing researches we are conducting….
The Bible shows that: The existence of Israel
fulfills the purpose of creation. The good of Israel is the good of the
world. There are two halves of Israel represented by “Judah” and “Joseph”.
Both halves have their own uniqueness and their own role. Ultimately Judah
and Joseph must re-unite with each other. Each side is incomplete without
the other and cannot fulfill their task without the other.
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